GRAMMAR

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Fragments or Run-On Sentences

Identify each numbered item by writing F for fragments or R for run-on sentence. Then, rewrite each item to correct the error.

  1. Here is my brother, Keith, do you want to meet him?
  2. While we were sitting under the mango tree.
  3. He could not answer the question, he was not discouraged.
  4. If you are available next week Monday.
  5. Before you complete the project.
  6. Mandy repaired the dress she was pleased with herself.

Below are the answers and suggested corrections to the activity on run-on and fragmented sentences:

  1. Here is my brother, Keith, do you want to meet him? (R) Looking closely at your grammar
  2. While we were sitting under the mango tree. (F)
  3. He could not answer the question, he was not discouraged. (R)
  4. If you are available next week Monday. (F)
  5. Before you complete the project. (F)
  6. Mandy repaired the dress she was pleased with herself. (R)

SUGGESTED CORRECTIONS:

  1. Here is my brother, Keith. Do you want to meet him? Or, Here is my brother. Keith, do you want to meet him?
  2. While we were sitting under the mango tree, the rain came down.
  3. Even though he could not answer the question, he was not discouraged.
  4. If you are available next week Monday, I would like you to accompany me to Hanover.
  5. Before you complete the project, ensure that all the procedures are followed correctly.
  6. Mandy repaired the dress; therefore, she was pleased with herself. The suggested answers should be used as a guide and are not the only possible responses.

resource site: youthlink

Types of Sentences

Classify each of the following sentences as simple, compound, complex, compoundcomplex:

  1. Because the weather was so bad, the opening ceremony was postponed.
  2. Beka Lamb is a story of a young Belizean girl trying to keep afloat in a demanding society.
  3. Many people watch dogs that are trained by others, and they do not see the command signals.
  4. A cat can scare away mice, yet it can also be a fine companion.
  5. I could not have walked any further in these new shoes.
  6. While Mary was waiting for the bus, she recited the poem she would perform that day.
  7. Between the two of us, we can get these books over to the library before the bell rings.
  8. In the mornings, the bus arrives at seven o’clock.
  9. Dark, threatening clouds rolled overhead, yet there was no rain.
  10. Peter, who was working with me yesterday, is very helpful and I don’t know why he is not here today.

Subject Verb Agreement 4

1 Subject-Verb Agreement Worksheet

  1. When (was, were) you at the doctor’s office?
  2. Is it true that one of the passengers (is, are) missing?
  3. (Is, Are) the book reports due this week or next week?
  4. The teacher, as well as his students, (was, were) surprised by Ronny’s report.
  5. The pilot, in addition to the crew members, (has, have) your comfort and safety in mind.
  6. The age of the huge sequoias (is, are) hard to believe.
  7. The high cost of repairs for electronic equipment always (comes, come) as a surprise.
  8. The lights in the store window (is, are) turned off at midnight.
  9. The decision of the umpires (was, were) hotly debated.
  10. The danger of floods on the Ohio and Allegheny Rivers (has, have) been exaggerated.
  11. The president of the company, along with her assistants, (plans, plan) to fly to Boston.
  12. The contestants in the skateboarding contest (warms, warm) up before the start of the event.
  13. Only one of these old transistor radios (works, work).
  14. The scientist’s report, together with the photographs, (is, are) very convincing.
  15. The older members of the local school board (wants, want) to build a new school.
  16. The lights in the valley down below (looks, look) like tiny jewels.
  17. The co-captains of our team (has, have) a special responsibility.
  18. (Was, Were) you at home all day?
  19. The aim of the debates (is, are) to provide important information for the voters.
  20. The sale of the school yearbooks (has, have) been disappointing. Compound Subjects [Subject #1] and / or / nor [subject #2] Correct the errors in subject-verb agreement in these sentences. Some sentences are correct.
  21. Neither the train nor the airlines are on schedule.
  22. The chairs and the table was loaded with packages.
  23. Neither the gloves nor the sweater were the right size. Every glove and sweater were the right size.
  24. Either Cybil or Jeff have been here.
  25. The gloves and the hat is the same color. Each glove and hat are the same color.
  26. Either pen or pencil is acceptable.
  27. Two books and a notebook is on each desk.
  28. The lifeguard or the swimming coach are always on duty.
  29. Neither the papers nor the television have told the story.
  30. Either the meat or the potatoes is burning.
  31. Have either Mr. Barnes or Ms. Brown arrived yet?
  32. Neither the doctor nor her nurse were at the office.
  33. Two squirrels and a jackrabbit is all we saw.
  34. Both skill and constant practice go into the making of a champion.
  35. Neither the French fries nor the hamburger were hot.
  36. Sandwiches or soup are your only choice.
  37. Was the governor or her aide interviewed?
  38. Neither the guard nor the police officer were really on the job.
  39. Either Jack or his sister have your books.
  40. Neither the audience nor the actors was aware of the trouble backstage.

Indefinite Pronouns [each = one; either = one; neither = not one]

  1. Either of these hats (suits, suit) you.
  2. Most of the television programs (is, are) boring.
  3. Not one of the papers (has, have) covered the story.
  4. Neither of the drivers (was, were) hurt in the accident.
  5. One of the violins (is, are) playing off key.
  6. Each of the new cars (comes, come) equipped with a CD player.
  7. (Has, Have) either of the buses left yet?
  8. Obviously, one of the witnesses (was, were) not truthful.
  9. Some of the teams (has, have) new uniforms.
  10. Neither of the teams (has, have) new uniforms.
  11. Everyone in the stands (was, were) sure a touchdown had been scored.
  12. Few in this school (knows, know) about his trouble.
  13. One of the boats (seems, seem) to have a leak.
  14. It was reported that neither of the bridges (was, were) safe.
  15. The pilot discovered that one of the engines (was, were) not working right.
  16. Each of the balloons (carries, carry) scientific instruments.
  17. Everyone in the pictures (is, are) grinning foolishly.
  18. Neither of the patterns (is, are) what I want.
  19. Several of the listeners (has, have) telephoned the studio.
  20. (Has, Have) either of the candidates promised lower taxes?

Types of Sentences

ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS ON THE PAPER TYPES OF SENTENCES

Identify the following sentences as S=simple, CP=compound, CX=complex, CC=Compound-Complex.

__ 1. Although it started to rain, we decided to continue our walk.

__ 2. There were books on the floor, under the table, and all about the room.

__ 3. She was going to school full-time, and hoped to graduate in June.

__ 4. Transportation came to a halt as the steadily falling rain flooded the streets faster than the gullies
could collect the water.

__ 5. Marie, Bill and I stayed up until four in the morning.

__ 6. Unless conditions change for her, she will spend the rest of her life working for minimum wage in a dusty mill; there are thousands of women like her.

__ 7. She wanted to go, but her child was sick.

__ 8. Joe is smart; he will go far.

__ 9. As soon as Mike started a coin collection, his brother bought an album of rare stamps.

__ 10. Nature is her passion in life, and colleagues say that she is a skilled naturalist.

_ 11. The most popular sport in the world is soccer.

_ 12. People in ancient China and Japan had a form of soccer, and even Rome had a game that resembled soccer.

_ 13. The game as it is played today got its start in England.

_ 14. In the Middle Ages, whole towns played soccer on Shrove Tuesday.

__15. Goals were built at opposite ends of town, and hundreds of people who lived in those towns would play on each side.

(15 MARKS)

                                        Identify the type of sentence each of the following is by circling the correct answer.
  1. Pauline and Bruno have a big argument every summer over where they should spend their summer vacation.

A. Simple Sentence

B. Compound Sentence

C. Complex Sentence

D. Compound-Complex Sentence

  1. Pauline loves to go to the beach and spend her days sunbathing.

A. Simple Sentence

B. Compound Sentence

C. Complex Sentence

D. Compound-Complex Sentence

  1. Bruno, on the other hand, likes the view that he gets from the log cabin up in the mountains, and he enjoys hiking in the forest.

A. Simple Sentence

B. Compound Sentence

C. Complex Sentence

D. Compound-Complex Sentence

  1. Pauline says there is nothing relaxing about chopping wood, swatting mosquitoes, and cooking over a woodstove.

A. Simple Sentence

B. Compound Sentence

C. Complex Sentence

D. Compound-Complex Sentence

  1. Bruno dislikes sitting on the beach; he always gets a nasty sunburn.

A. Simple Sentence

B. Compound Sentence

C. Complex Sentence

D. Compound-Complex Sentence

Subject Verb Agreement 2

Underline the verb that is more appropriate to complete each of the sentences below.

  1. Emily and Greg (comes, come) to my house every Friday for lunch.
  2. There (is, are) time to watch the movie.
  3. My friends who are in the band (wants, want) me to play a musical instrument.
  4. Everyone (needs, need) time to relax.
  5. That bag of oranges (looks, look) fresh.
  6. The lacrosse team (hopes, hope) to win the tournament next week.
  7. Your trousers (needs, need) to be cleaned.
  8. Some of the books on the shelf (is, are) dusty.
  9. Mumps (is, are) not common among adults.
  10. Viruses from third world countries (is, are) a major concern.
  11. Most of the sand (is, are) wet from the high tide.
  12. Neither the two kittens nor the puppy (sits, sit) in my lap while I watch television.
  13. A subject of great interest (is, are) rainforests.
  14. Hansel and Gretel (is, are) a famous children’s story.
  15. The team members (is, are) arguing over the defense tactics.
  16. The economics of the trip (was, were) pleasing.
  17. Why (is, are) your parents going to Africa for a vacation?
  18. The mayor and the governor (hopes, hope) that the bill will soon become a law.
  19. The books from the library (need, needs) to be returned by Friday.
  20. The parents and the child often (watch, watches) Disney movies.
  21. Each of the boys (put, puts) a paper in the bag.
  22. Either Matilda or her brothers (use, uses) the symphony tickets each week.
  23. The crowd (were, was) cheering wildly for Tom.
  24. The politics of this campaign (seem, seems) very complicated.
  25. Everyone at the company’s headquarters (know, knows) the code to the safe.

Subject Verb 3

Choose the correct form of the verb that agrees with the subject.

  1. Annie and her brothers (is, are) at school.
  2. Either my mother or my father (is, are) coming to the meeting.
  3. The dog or the cats (is, are) outside.
  4. Either my shoes or your coat (is, are) always on the floor.
  5. George and Tamara (doesn’t, don’t) want to see that movie.
  6. Benito (doesn’t, don’t) know the answer.
  7. One of my sisters (is, are) going on a trip to France.
  8. The man with all the birds (live, lives) on my street.
  9. The movie, including all the previews, (take, takes) about two hours to watch.
  10. The players, as well as the captain, (want, wants) to win.
  11. Either answer (is, are) acceptable.
  12. Every one of those books (is, are) fiction.
  13. Nobody (know, knows) the trouble I’ve seen.
  14. (Is, Are) the news on at five or six?
  15. Mathematics (is, are) John’s favorite subject, while Civics (is, are) Andrea’s favorite subject.

Subject and Predicate

For the following sentences, circle the subjects and underline the predicates

  1. The results of the test are inconclusive.
  2. There have been many incidents of vandalism in the past.
  3. The letter was written by Max.
  4. My name was written on the document in three places.
  5. By the saucer of milk sat a very scrawny cat.
  6. She will be going to the dentist’s office later this afternoon.
  7. Remarkably, the patient with the shattered skull survived the surgery.
  8. All citizens in the United States must complete a tax return each year.
  9. Several thousand people watched the parade.
  10. The professor handed out a syllabus the first day of class.

Punctuation Marks

Punctuate the following paragraph using the appropriate end marks and capitalization.

, . ” ” ? !

one day when her brother came from school elsa ran to meet him she had been lonely all day she was so glad to see him she ran out into the street she forgot all about the ditch and tumbled into it help timmy help she cried timmy did not hesitate and went to her rescue

Present Continuous and Past Tense

Put the correct form of the verbs in brackets to complete each sentence. USE THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS.

I am looking out of window of my house on the hill. I can see some children on the playground next door. The children (ride) _ on the swings. They always ride on the swings during the evening vacation time. Some children (play) ___ with a ball. Now a little boy (kick) _ the ball. Another boy (run) _ after it but it (roll) ___ across the road.

(5 marks)

Put the correct PAST TENSE form of the verb in brackets to complete the paragraph.

Last Easter I (go) __ to Caracas. I (visit) __ the zoo and the museum there. A friendly tourist guide (teach) __ me a few Spanish words. He also (lend) _ me a book to learn some Spanish. I (learn) ___ a few words but soon (forget) __ them. Everyday, I (go) ___ shopping in the city. In the last few days, I (spend) __ some time sightseeing with a few pings in the city. In the last few days, I (spend) __ some time sightseeing with a few friends. I (travel) __ quite a bit during this vacation. I (return) __ to my island home in a few hours time. My holiday (pass) __ quickly but I (enjoy) ___ it immensely.

(13 marks)

Subject Verb Agreement 1

Underline the appropriate verb to complete each of the sentences below.

  1. Anyone leaving without permission (is, are) going to be in trouble.
  2. Few of them (wants, want) more coffee.
  3. Several of the bushes in our yard (blooms, bloom) early.
  4. In the corner (stands, stand) one of the suspects.
  5. (Has, Have) either of you seen an ice hockey game?
  6. Everyone in the surrounding towns (was, were) warned about the epidemic.
  7. Each of the stores (gives, give) gifts to our graduates.
  8. No one except Mary and Lettie (was, were) excited.
  9. Why (hasn’t, haven’t) they given us the signal?
  10. (Do, Does) everyone in the band play well?

(10 marks)

Pronoun Antecedent Agreement

Circle the correct form of the pronoun.

  1. Jane and Sarah said (she, they) were too tired to skate any longer.
  2. Either Bill or John will bring a sample of (his, their) own work.
  3. Jane and Jill called (her, their) friend.
    1. Either Jane or her friends will present (her, their) project.
  4. Neither Mary nor Susan said (she, they) would be there.
  5. Every student wants to impress (his or her, their) professors.
  6. Both John and Jim said (he, they) were not exercising regularly.
  7. The jury was asked to return to (its, their) seats.
  8. Please remind each student to bring (his or her, their) homework tomorrow.
  9. Neither John nor Bob was willing to admit that (he, they) had cheated.
  10. Each of the girls had (her, their) assignment completed.
  11. Every worker in this office needs (his or her, their) own computer.
  12. The committee finally made (its, their) decision public.
  13. Nobody remembered to bring (his or her, their) photos.
  14. Neither girl will wear (her, their) black pants.
  15. Beth and Jane reported the problem to (her, their) supervisor.
  16. Each teacher turned in (his or her, their) grades to the principal.
  17. The choir presented (its, their) final performance.
  18. Either the employees or Ms. Jones will make (their, her) presentation.
  19. Both Suzi and Beth will try to see (her, their) parents over the weekend.

Select the sentence that is incorrect in each group.

  1. A. Each of the students should bring his or her text book to the study session.

B. Both Christine and George brought their children with them to the meeting.

C. Everyone wanted to share their observations.

D. When people are interrogated relentlessly, they tend to grow weary.

  1. A. John and Jane are combining their money to purchase a larger gift for their parents.

B. Neither Steve nor Gary wanted to present his own ideas.

C. Sandy was the only one in the class who had his or her homework.

D. If anyone wants the tickets, they need to call me tonight.

  1. A. The members of the team played their hardest.

B. Bob is one of those teachers who consider themselves privileged to work with students.

C. The tour guide, as well as the entire group, checked their supply list.

D. Either my sister or my cousin will bring her video camera.

  1. A. Everyone should write their name on the top of their test.

B. If students need help, they should make an appointment to meet with a tutor.

C. Neither of them will wear her costume once the performance is over.

D. Both girls will try to see their relatives in New York.

  1. A. Nobody in the class completed his or her assignment perfectly.

B. The students, rather than the professor, will present their theory at the conference.

C. Every instructor and every administrator stated his or her opinion.

D. The committee is making their final presentation this evening.

  1. A. The group of student workers are distributing the schedule which was developed.

B. The principal, as well as the teachers, initiated his request for parental help.

C. Every employee must wear his or her identification badge.

D. The mother and the father explained their concern.

  1. A. Either Sally or Christine will present their congratulations to the winner.

B. The students, as well as the principal, expressed their opposition to the board’s decision.

C. John, rather than Dianne or Phil, brought his design for the poster.

D. Many of them will see their friends at the conference.

  1. A. If anyone objects to the decision, they should say so now.

B. Everyone was quiet until he or she heard the speaker’s controversial remark.

C. The audience showed their boredom by moving around during the presentation.

D. She is the type of student who tries his or her hardest.

  1. A. Anyone who thinks the task seems easy should try it themselves.

B. Neither Ruth nor Betty was late for her appointment.

C. Nobody thought about bringing his or her portfolio.

D. Both Ann and Sarah asked if they could turn her assignment in late.

  1. A. Someone has forgotten to complete their registration form.

B. Joan, as well as both of her sisters, wanted to complete her assignment over the weekend.

C. Neither Greg nor his brothers remembered their password.

D. David and Sarah, as well as John, filed their complaint.

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