Tag: To Kill a Mockingbird Summary

To Kill A Mockingbird Chapters 20-30 Questions

Chapter 20
1. Scout says that “Mr. Dolphus Raymond was an evil man”. Is she right?

2. In most states of the USA people who drink alcohol in public places are required to hide their bottle in a paper bag. Why does Dolphus Raymond hide Coca-Cola in a bag?

3. What, according to Atticus, is the thing that Mayella has done wrong? Explain, in your own words, Atticus’s views on people’s being equal.  Chapter 21
1. What does Jem expect the verdict to be? Does Atticus think the same? 

2. What is unusual about how long it takes the jury to reach a verdict? Is the verdict predictable or not? 

 3. As Scout waits for the verdict, she thinks of earlier events. What are these and how do they remind us of the novel’s central themes? 

 Chapter 22
1. Although Atticus did not want his children in court, he defends Jem’s right to know what has happened. Explain, in your own words, Atticus’s reasons for this. (Look at the speech beginning, “This is their home, sister”.) 2. Miss Maudie tells Jem that “things are never as bad as they seem”. What reasons does she give for this view?

3. Why does Dill say that he will be a clown when he grows up? Do you think he would keep this ambition for long?

4. This story is set in the 1930s but was published in 1960. Have attitudes to racism remained the same (in the USA and the UK) or have there been any changes (for the better or worse) since then, in your view?

5. Why does Bob Ewell feel so angry with Atticus? Do you think his threat is a real one, and how might he try to “get” Atticus? 

Chapter 23
1. What do you think of Atticus’s reaction to Bob Ewell’s challenge? Should he have ignored Bob, retaliated or done something else?

2. What is “circumstantial evidence”? What has it got to do with Tom’s conviction?

3. What does Atticus tell Scout about why the jury took so long to convict Tom?

4. Why does Aunt Alexandra accept that the Cunninghams may be good but are not “our kind of folks”? Do you think that people should mix only with others of the same social class? Are class-divisions good or bad for societies?

5. At the end of this chapter, Jem forms a new theory about why Boo Radley has never left his house in years. What is this? How likely is it to be true, in your opinion?

Chapter 24
1. Do you think the missionary ladies are sincere in worrying about the “Mrunas” (a tribe in Africa)? Give reasons for your answer. 

 2. Compare the reactions of Miss Maudie and the other ladies when Scout says she is wearing her “britches” under her dress.

3. What is your opinion of the Maycomb ladies, as depicted in this chapter?

4. Explain briefly how Tom was killed. What is Atticus’s explanation for Tom’s attempted escape. Do you think agree with Atticus? How, in this chapter, do we see Aunt Alexandra in a new light? How does Miss Maudie support her? Chapter 25 
1. How does Maycomb react to the news of Tom’s death? 

2. Comment on the idea that Tom’s death was “typical”?

3. Explain the contrast Scout draws between the court where Tom was tried and “the secret courts of men’s hearts”. In what way are hearts like courts?

Why did Jem not want Scout to tell Atticus about Bob Ewell’s (“One down and about two more to go”)? Was this a wise thing to ask her to do?
Chapter 26
1. In her lesson on Hitler, Miss Gates says that “we (American people) don’t believe in persecuting anyone”. What seems odd to the reader about this claim? 

 2. Why is Scout puzzled by Miss Gates’ disapproval of Hitler?


3. Why does Scout’s question upset Jem? Is there a simple answer, or any answer, to the question (“How can you hate Hitler an’ then turn around an be ugly about folks right at home?”) Chapter 27
1. What three things does Bob Ewell do that alarm Aunt Alexandra?

2. Why, according to Atticus, does Bob Ewell bear a grudge? Which people does Ewell see as his enemies, and why? 3. What was the purpose of the Halloween pageant? What practical joke had persuaded the grown ups to have an organized event? Chapter 28 
1. Comment on the way this chapter reminds the reader of earlier events in the novel.

2. Why does Jem say that Boo Radley must not be at home? What is ironic about this? (Is it true? Does he really mean it? Why might it be important for him and Scout that Boo should not be at home?)

3. Scout decides to keep her costume on while walking home. How does this affect her understanding of what happens on the way?

4. Why had Atticus not brought a chair for the man in the corner? Chapter 29 
1. What causes the “shiny clean line” on the otherwise “dull wire” of Scout’s costume?

2. What explanation does Atticus give for Bob Ewell’s attack?

3. What does Heck Tate give as the reason for the attack?

4. Do you think the sheriff’s explanation or Atticus’s is the more likely to be true? Chapter 30 
1. Who does Atticus think caused Bob Ewell’s death?

2. Why does Heck Tate insist that Bob Ewell’s death was self-inflicted? In what way is this partly true?

3. Is Heck Tate right to spare Boo the publicity of an inquest? Give reasons for your answer.

4. How does the writer handle the appearance, at the end of the story, of Boo Radley?
Chapter 31 
1. How do the events of the final chapters explain the first sentence in the whole novel?

2. Comment on the way the writer summarizes earlier events to show their significance.

3. How does Scout make sense of an earlier remark of Atticus’s as she stands on the Radley porch? 

4. How much of a surprise is it to find what Boo Radley is really like? Has the story before this point prepared the reader for this discovery?

5. At the end of the novel, Atticus reads to Scout. Comment on his choice of story. Does it have any connection with themes earlier in the novel and in its ending?


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To Kill A Mockingbird Chapters 22-25 Summary




Chapter 22 Tired and upset by the verdict, everyone goes to bed. When the Finch family wakes up in the morning, food has been brought by many of the families in town. Atticus becomes upset and leaves the house. The whole town is gossiping about the case. The children talk to Miss Maudie about the case. They are very upset that Tom is going to jail and the town did nothing. But Miss Maudie points out that some people did what they could. She tells the children that Judge Taylor appointed Atticus for a reason; he knew that Atticus was the only lawyer in the town who would do his best to defend Tom. When the children leave Miss Maudie, they hear the newest bit of gossip. Bob Ewell ran into Atticus in town, spat upon him, and told him he would get revenge one way or another. Chapters 23 Atticus seems unaffected by Ewell’s threats, but the children fear for him. Atticus tries to calm them and explain that Bob Ewell was just letting off steam. Later, Scout and Aunt Alex have a fight about Scout’s choice of friends. When Scout mentions that she would like to have Walter Cunningham back to the house, Aunt Alex explains that the Cunnunghams are below them and they shouldn’t get too close. Scout goes to her room in a mood. Jem approaches her and tells her not to be bothered by their Aunt. And Jem has good news. He shows Scout his very first chest hair. Chapter 24 Aunt Alex hosts a meeting of the missionary league at the Finch home one afternoon. Scout tries her best to associate with the women, but would rather stay in the kitchen with Calpurnia. Atticus comes home with that bad news that Tom Robinson has died. He was shot by guards at the prison who claim he was trying to escape. Everyone is upset by the news, even Aunt Alexandra. Atticus and Calpurnia leave to go break the news to Tom’s wife, Helen.

Chapter 25 The fall arrives and Dill goes back home to Meridian and Scout remembers what Dill told her about the day Tom died. Dill and Scout were picked up by Atticus on the way to the Robinson home, but left in the car. Dill watched as Atticus broke the news to Tom’s wife, and she fell to the ground and had to be taken into her house. Scout also remembers an editorial that Mr. Underwood wrote in the paper. Underwood wrote about Tom’s death and the sin of killing a crippled man, even if he was trying to escape. The editorial confuses Scout because she cannot understand the motives of those who wanted to punish Tom.
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To Kill A Mockingbird Chapters 16-21 Summary

Image result for to kill a mockingbirdChapter 16 Everybody from Maycomb heads downtown so that they Atticus suspiciously leaves that evening. The children decide to follow him. They find him in a chair outside of the jail reading a book. They continue to watch him when a group of men approach the courthouse. The group demands that Atticus let them get to Tom, but Atticus won’t give in. Jem, Scout, and Dill burst into the scene, much to the shock of Atticus. Scout recognizes one of the men as Walter Cunningham and tries to strike up a conversation. Eventually this awkwardness breaks the group up and they leave. Tom calls out from his cell asking if the men have left. Atticus tells him everything is fine now. Mr. Underwood, editor of the local newspaper next door, calls out to them and says that he had his eye, and his gun, on the situation the whole time from his window above. Atticus takes the children home. Later in the afternoon, the children decide to head into town as well. The children see Dolphous Raymond, a white man sitting with all of the black citizens. Scout and Dill are confused as to why he would keep such company when it goes against most social rules. Jem explains that Mr. Raymond is gossiped about in town and prefers the company of the black community. The court is uncharacteristically crowded and the children cannot find anywhere to sit. Reverend Sykes, the minister from Cal’s church, takes them to where the black citizens are sitting and finds them seats. When they are all seated, Sheriff Heck Tate is the first to take the stand. Chapter 17 Sheriff Tate testifies that Bob Ewell came to him saying that his daughter Mayella had been raped by Tom Robinson. Atticus questions Bob Ewell and asks him about why a doctor was not called. Ewell says that it was plain enough to see what had happened to Mayella. Throughout the testimony Bob also explains that Mayella received a black right eye in the attack. Atticus gets Ewell to admit that he is left handed, part of his plan to make the jury realize that it was Ewell who probably beat Mayella.
Chapter 18 Mayella takes the stand. She testifies that she asked Tom into the house to do some chopping. Once they were in the house alone she says that Tom beat and raped her. Atticus makes her clearly state that it was Tom who choked her, beat her and raped her. When she does, Tom stands up to reveal an almost useless left arm. It was badly injured in a farming accident leaving it damaged and much shorter than his right arm. Atticus finally asks Mayella if it was her father, not Tom Robinson, who attacked her that evening. After the intensity of the testimony, the court takes a small recess. Chapter 19 After the recess, Tom takes the stand. According to his testimony, he had been on the Ewell’s property many times, helping Mayella with different chores. The evening of the accused crime, he said that she asked him in the house to fix a door. While his back was turned, she wrapped herself around him. He shook her free and she tried to kiss him. Bob Ewell saw them from the outside and called his daughter a whore. Tom testifies that he was very afraid of what would happen to him and so he ran. Link Deas, Tom’s employer for many years, suddenly stand up in the courtroom and says that Tom Robinson has never been a problem for him and has never done anyone harm, which causes a stir in the courtroom. When the prosecution questions Tom, they ask him about his previous conviction for disorderly conduct. He had been in a fight with a man and spent a month in jail for it. The prosecution also asks Tom about why he was always helping out Mayella and what his motives were. Dill finds the prosecutor’s attitude to Tom so upsetting that he and Scout leave the courtroom. Chapter 20 Dolphous Raymond calls over Scout and Dill. He says that he has something that will help Dill’s stomach. He gives Dill a sip of the drink in his paper bag, which the town has always believed to be alcohol. It turns out to be Coca-Cola, which surprises the children. Dolphous explains that he leads the town to believe that he is a drunk so that they have a reason to dislike him. After Dill’s stomach improves the children head back into the court for final arguments. When Atticus finishes his closing arguments, Cal enters the courtroom. Chapter 21 Cal has brought a note for Atticus. It is from Aunt Alex stating that the children have been missing all day. Mr. Underwood points out that the children have been in the colored gallery of the courtroom. Atticus tells them to go home for dinner, but that they may return to here the jury’s decision. The children go back home with Cal, who chastises them the whole trip home. After a long dinner, the children return to court to find the jury still deliberating. Later the jury returns with a guilty verdict.

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To Kill A Mockingbird Chapters 11-15 Summary


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Chapter 11 The summer after second grade the children decide to expand their horizons. They spend more time going into town, which requires them to pass the house of Miss Dubose, who never misses an opportunity to shout at the children. This infuriates Jem, but Atticus tells him not to get upset. On a particular walk, Miss Dubose makes remarks about Atticus to the children. Jem becomes enraged and on the walk home destroys Miss Dubose’s bushes. Atticus sends Jem back to clean up his mess and to work on her shrubs for every weekend. When Jem returns he tells Atticus that Miss Dubose wants him to read to her instead. The next weekend Jem, accompanied by Scout, goes to read to Miss Dubose. Miss Dubose is very ill and spends most of the afternoon in a fog. After several weekends, they are free of reading to her. Atticus goes to visit Miss Dubose one weekend. When he returns he announces that she has passed away. Atticus explains to the children that Miss Dubose had become addicted to morphine as a result of her illness and that she had spent the final months of her life freeing herself of the addiction. He tells them that their company helped her keep her mind off her pain. Atticus opens a box with a piece of her shrub in it. It is a gift for Jem, who is angered by the gesture. Atticus tells them what a strong and brave woman Miss Dubose was for fighting her addiction. Chapter 12 As Jem grows older he also grows moodier, leaving Scout to spend more time with Calpurnia. Scout watches Cal and realizes that maybe being a girl isn’t so bad. Atticus has to leave the family to attend an emergency session of the legislature. Calpurnia has to stay with the children and take full care of them in his absence. She is not sure if they should be going to church by themselves and decides that they should come with her on Sunday. When they arrive at Cal’s church, the children cause quite a stir. They are the only white faces in the congregation. One woman seems to resent their presence, but the rest of the congregation welcomes them freely. They know Atticus and have the utmost respect for him. While in attendance, the children overhear things about Tom Robinson and his case. His wife cannot get any work in the town and Tom has been accused of rape. Scout is not sure what rape is, but knows it can’t be anything good. As they walk home from church, Aunt Alexandra is waiting on the porch for them. Chapter 13 Aunt Alexandra notifies them that she has come to stay with them. She immediately makes herself at home. When Atticus returns he explains that Aunt Alexandra is here to teach the children, Scout in particular, something about breeding and refinement. Alexandra is not pleased with the way Atticus is raising the children and feels that she is needed. The kids are not pleased by the news, having no idea that they have been behaving improperly. chapter 14 Scout asks what rape is. Atticus asks her where she heard the word and Scout explains about the trip to Cal’s church. Alex is shocked to hear that the children were in a black church. She tells Atticus in confidence that they should let Calpurnia go, but he is adamant that she is part of the family and will not be leaving anytime soon. Jem takes Scout aside that evening and tells her that she should do her best not to upset Aunt Alexandra. Scout believes Jem is trying to act superior and starts a brawl with him. She is sent to her room and thinks she hears a snake under her bed. Upon closer inspection, they realize it is not a snake, but a runaway Dill. He confesses that he doesn’t like living at home and took the train to Maycomb. Atticus allows Dill to stay with them, but informs Dill’s Aunt Rachel about the situation. chapter 15 Dill’s parents allow him to stay in Maycomb. One evening, the sheriff stops by the house with a group of men from town. Atticus talks with them and Scout tries to overhear. They talk about Tom Robinson’s case and how Tom is being moved into the Maycomb jail.
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Analysis of To Kill A Mockingbird Chapters 1- 8

Analysis of Part 1 (Chapters 1 – 8)

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The first chapters of the novel paint the town of Maycomb as a quiet and idyllic town. The children play freely, the neighbors gossip innocently on the streets, and everything moves very smoothly. Of course, this will not be the case throughout the novel. These chapters set the tone for a town that is going to be exposed. The lazy rural façade will crumble and the racism and double standards that have been in the minds of the citizens for years will be exposed.

This is where Boo Radley comes into play. The town shows a fear and confusion towards the Radley family. They are different, and this leaves them on the outskirts of the community. The children’s games and gossip about the Radleys will mirror the town’s attitudes toward Tom Robinson and his plight later. It is the fear of the different and the unfamiliar that shakes this town, and the Radleys are the perfect example of it. They have been neighbors for years, but the town still treats them like fresh news.
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To Kill A Mockingbird: Chapters 6-10 Summary

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 Chapter 6 On Dill’s last evening in Maycomb, the group begins the evening at Miss Rachel’s pond. Dill and Jem decide to make one last attempt to see Boo. Scout reluctantly agrees to go with them. The trio sneaks to the house in the dark. As they move to the window, someone is out in the yard. He walks close to them, and after he passes, the children run for the gate near the schoolyard. A gunshot goes off as they try to escape. Jem’s pants are caught on the fence and he has to remove them to go free. When the children return to the street, they see a large crowd gathered in front of the Radley house. Nathan Radley tells the crowd that some nigger was in his collard patch and that he fired the gun to scare off the intruder. As the crowd talks, Atticus notices that Jem has no pants on. Dill comes up with a quick story that he won them from Jem in a poker game. After evading Atticus, Jem decides to return and get his pants. Chapter 7 School begins and Scout enters the second grade. Jem finally admits to Scout what happened the night he went back for his pants. He found them folded neatly on the fence and someone had done a poor job trying to repair the tear. On another walk, home they find a grey ball of twine in the tree on the Radley lot. Later, the find two carved soap figures; one of a girl and one of a boy. Another time they find gum and a pocket watch. Scout and Jem decide to leave a thank you note in the tree for whoever is leaving them the gifts. The next day the hole in the tree has been filled with cement. Jem asks Nathan Radley why cement was poured in the tree, and he explains that the tree is ill and needed it. Chapter 8 Maycomb sees it’s first winter in years and it startles Scout, who has never seen a snowfall. She and Jem decide to take the opportunity to make a snowman and enjoy what little snow is on the ground. That evening Scout is woken by Atticus to find that Maudie Atkinson’s house is burning. The town gathers to help move out furniture and personal belongings. The house finally collapses and the firefighters rush to make sure that no other houses at threatened by the flames. Jem and Scout watch in awe and fear, so taken with the scene that they do not realize that someone has places a blanket around Scout. Atticus tells Scout that it was Boo Radley who placed the blanket around her. Jem is overtaken with all that has happened and tells Atticus all that has happened with the Radleys. Jem and Scout go to see Maudie the next morning. They are shocked with her positive attitude about the fire. Maudie sees the fire as a chance to start over and move on. Chapter 9 Scout gets in a fight at school with a boy who says that her father defends niggers. Scout tells Atticus about the fight and asks him what they boy meant. Atticus explains that he is defending Tom Robinson, a black man, and many in the town believe that he should not have taken the case. When someone at school makes a similar comment, Scout heeds her father’s advice about fighting, and backs down. Christmas arrives, and so does Atticus’ brother Jack. On Christmas day Jem and Scout receive air rifles as gifts. After opening presents, everyone goes to Finch’s Landing to spend the rest of the day. Scout has to deal with her bratty cousin Francis for most of the day. After dinner Francis calls tells Scout that her father is a nigger lover. Although Scout has been good about fighting, Scout attacks him and demands he take it back. This brings the day to an abrupt end. Scout receives a spanking from her Uncle Jack. She explains to Jack why she started a fight with Francis, and he becomes more understanding. That evening, Atticus talks to Jack about the case and all of the problems that may arise because of it. Chapter 10 Atticus sets some rules with Jem about the use of his new gun. He doesn’t wanting him shooting at birds, but he is sure that Jem will. He explicitly tells him never to shoot a mockingbird, since they are the most innocent of the birds. That afternoon a mad dog wanders down the street. Calpurnia rushes the children inside and calls Atticus to tell him. Atticus arrives with the town sheriff, Heck Tate. Heck aims for the dog, but realizes that he might miss. He tells Atticus that he should take the shot, to the surprise of the children. Atticus kills the dog instantly. The event greatly affects Jem and he warns Scout not to mention this at school. Scout is confused but Jem tells her that if Atticus wanted them to know what a good shot he was, he would have told them.
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